Our plucked instruments

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Plucked instruments from Europe

 
Portugal

Guitarra Portuguesa
Or a Portuguese guitar or Fado guitar is a hypnotic instrument that deeply touches the emotion ... Originally intended for playing Portuguese fado music but thanks to its delicate harmonies, it can be integrated into any style of music.
The Lisbon model, which bears the name of the city of origin, is characterized by a small skyscraper (445 mm) and a slightly larger body of Coimbra, originally designed to accompany feminine poetry, characterized by the snail shape above the keys.
The Coimbra model comes from the city of the universities in the center of Portugal and is characterized by the university's protective emblem. The skylight is larger (470 mm) and the sound is lower than that intended to accompany male poetry.

12 strings that create a wonderful harmony with the traditional Peterson keys, give a harmonious sound, full, deep and ... sad ...
Recommended direction Lisbon: D A B E A D
Recommended direction Coimbra: C G A D G A

Head of the Lisbon Portuguese guitar

Head of the Coimbra Portuguese guitar

Viola de Fado
This looks like a regular guitar, but it's a very interesting instrument. A classical guitar that has steel strings, which gives a full sound. The scale is just like a classical guitar which imparts tremendous comfort in playing. The instrument is designed to accompany the Portuguese guitar and to make the bass lines. Do not try to do it yourself and put steel strings on your classical guitar ... otherwise the neck will not withstand the pressure and bend.

Viola in Baxia
Is the acoustic bass of Portugal. A very nice instrument which the sound hole is on the side of the body.

Viola Braguesa

The viola braguesa comes from the city of Berga in northern Portugal. The sound hole is in the shape of a sea ray.
As in most Portuguese violas, each pin in a bridge shares two strings.
The Viola braguesa has 5 double strings (courses) and the same tuning as that of the Coimbra Portuguese guitar (less 2 strings) C G A D G

Viola Toeira

The Viola toeira comes from the city of Coimbra in the center of Portugal. It is characterized by an elliptical shaped sound hole and an narrow body.
As in most Portuguese violas, each pin in a bridge shares two strings.
The sound is very unique thanks to the 5 courses.
The upper two strings are triangles (three strings) and the other three are double.
Total of 12 strings.
It is very easy to play because it is tune like a guitar - A D G B E.

Viola Beiroa

The Viola beiroa comes from the town of Castello Branco in eastern Portugal. It is characterized by its form as a figure 8 and is unique among the Portuguese violas.
There are 2 strings that are played open most of the time and start connecting the neck to the body.
Its tuning is quite the same as the guitar and gives easy and pleasant playing.
6 pairs of strings (as stated 2 short) tuned to D A D G B D.

Viola Amarantina

This viola comes from the charming town of Amarante in northern Portugal. It is characterized by 2 hearts and is also called 'viola da dos corse' (guitar 2 hearts).
The fretboard reaches the hearts (in most of the violas it ends with the connection to the body) and the frets are shortened starting with the 10 fret.
The way it looks - that's how it sounds ... with a sweet tone and rich harmonies.
Tuned just like the Portuguese guitar Lisbon model, but only with 5 courses of strings (D A B E A).

Viola Campaniça

The viola campaniça comes from the town of Villa Verde de Ficalho in southeastern Portugal. It is characterized by its form as a figure 8.
Do not be deterred by its strange tuning, it is full of wonders!
Take one to your hand and discover the magic. 5 double courses that are tuned C F E E G.

Cavaquinho

Cavaquinho is the source of the familiar ukulele.
A very traditional Portugese instrument, and indeed, like the ukulele, it also has 4 (or somtimes 8 strings), but unlike the ukulele whose strings are made of nylon, the cavaquinho strings are made of steel.
It can be tuned as follows: A A C # E or G G B D

Island of Madeira

Viola de Arame

'This viola is a charming nine-string instrument (4 double and one single string) that is narrower and longer than a regular guitar and the fretboard is slightly higher than the body. Tuned in an open G, and excellent in chord playing . its tone is very rich.
Unlike the Arab instruments, the single string is actually the second string, not the bass.
The basses are set in octaves (like 12 strings and Portuguese guitar), while the high strings are the unison.
G D G D B D

Rajão

The Rajão comes from the magical island of Madeira. It came from Portugal (Madeira belongs to Portugal) to Hawaii. It is built like a small guitar with steel strings. Mainly used for playing chords.
With five course tuned  D G C E A

Braguinha

The braguinha is another small instrument from the ukulele patriarchs.
It is a very small and very interesting instrument because it is tuned like a banjo or Brazilian cavaquinho.
It has 4 metal strings and it tuned D G B D. It is possible to make some wonderful motes with a different color from the ukulele.

The Azores

Viola da Terra São Miguel

The viola (guitar in Portuguese) comes from the island of São Miguel in the Azores.
5 strings courses and the basses have three strings each. Total of 12 strings.
Its sound is very pleasant and is easy to play because its tuned is quite similar to the  guitar (less than a low E string)

A D G B D.
Very decorated and special instrument.

Viola da Terceira

The charming regional island of Terceira is known for its terrible humidity. So the really good instruments come from the Portugal mainland.
This viola is slightly larger than the other violas and is almost identical to regular guitar.
There are 2 models: 15 strings and 18 strings ... a lot of strings!
The 15-string model is tuned like a regular guitar, except that the three basses are triangles. For the 18-string model, three more B strings (as in 7 strings) were added ...
For anyone looking for a 12-string guitar but with another twist - that's your instrument!

Viola de Terceria with 15 strings

The Canary Islands

Timple

The timple is also originates in Portugal and is also a reincarnation of the cavaquinho and the ukulele.
In principle, the timple is pretty much the same as the ukulele, but its body is longer and its back convex, giving it a fuller, less cutting sound.
In addition, it has an extra string that gives fuller chords and more options for solo playing.
The tuning and playing are the same as the ukulele with the extra D string - G E C A D.

Cape Varde

Cape Carde cavaquinho

Cape Verde is a small island in the Atlantic that once belonged to Portugal.
The cavaquinho of this island is somewhat different. Its body is larger and its neck is wider.
The bridge is slightly reminiscent of the Spanish Laud and the bandurria with a small wooden board to create a better break angle before the saddle.
Sound deeper and fuller then Brazilian cavaquinho.
4 steel strings  D G B D

Spain

Bandurria

A large instrument with a tiny neck.
6 double and identical strings. bandurria is the smallest of the Spanish Rondala music.
In order to make our lives easier, it is tuned like a regular guitar only with a capo in the 4st fret. (Identical to Laud, only one octave higher).
Used mainly for playing solos.
Tuned G # C # F # B E A

Laúd

The Laúd is the same as the bandurria but it is tuned one octaves a lower. It is also similar to a guitar only with a capo on the 4th fret.
It is mainly for playing chords, but also solos can be played.
A very interesting instrument with a full and rich sound.

Guitarrico

The guitarro or the guitarrico look like a miniature guitar. And a common instrument in southeastern Spain.
The pickguard is characteristic and is on the upper part of the body.
The guitarrico has 4 nylon strings and its tuned the same as the ukulele, although there are other tuning that cab be in use.
A fun and interesting instruments for those looking to diversify from the common ukulele.

Ireland

The Irish bouzouki
The Irish bouzouki is a very cool but very difficult instrument for its long scale (660mm) so you can put a capo on a 2nd fret or even consider the Octavin Mandolin. But for those who insist, it is a lovely instrument, thanks to 4 GDAD strings, for making nice open chords.
It originates from the Greek bouzouki, but unlike the bouzouki, it is otherwise oriented and has a flat back like the Portuguese guitar.
Add a violin, an Irish flute and run to play in the first Irish pub you see.
Do not forget to do "Cheers" with a glass of Guinness on tap!

Octave mandolin
Although this is not an Irish instrument originally, it is very common in Irish music.
The scale is smaller than the bouzouki (520 mm) and the tuning is similar to the mandolin tuning only at ....  an octave lower GDAE.
It is recommended to check the 2 instruments in front of each other and see who is connecting more.

Banjo tenor
The banjo is not really the tenor of the banjo family. The instrument was developed around 1910 from four strings plectrum babjo (see below) and its neck was shortened. At first it was called "banjo tango". The tuning is the same as mandolin and therefore is loved by Irish music.

Romania

Cobza
Cobza (or koboz) is an ancient instrument that is quite forgotten and returns very slowly in recent years. The instrument is a relative of the Arab Oud and medieval lute.The instrument comes from northern Romania and Moldavia. The Hungarian Cobza is different because it got nylon strings instad of steel.
A short fretless neck and 4 pairs of strings tuned to DADG or GDGC.
Originally played with a goose feather carved as a specification.

Russia

Balalaika
The balalaika is perhaps the most typical instrument with Russia. There are several sizes for the instrument . The Prima model is familiar and has 3 strings. 2 nylon strings are tuned both E and one from steel, A. Balalaika Secunda is slightly larger.
Alt is aimed at a low octave while the bass is tuned to E A D. The counter-bass model is lower than the bass in the octave. A very small sound hole and a triangular body.
A very traditional instrument with a long history.
So take the specifications and forward, play "Katyushka"!

Domra
The domra is less known in the world outside the West than in the former Soviet Union, but it is the solo instrument of the group.
The 3 strings are tuned like 3 low guitar strings, E A D.
The 4-string model is tuned like a mandolin - G D A E
A small body with a small hole gives a new and clear sound. Because the scale is very small (370 mm) it is easy to play fast segments.

Russian Guitar
A Russian guitar is a guitar with 7 metal strings oriented in an open G tuning (D G B D G B D).
In fact, this is a regular Spanish guitar that "pushed" a seventh string, so the neck is normal width and the strings are more dense. The neck is often reinforced, with a screw rather than a typical trussrod.

France

Gypsy Jazz Guitar
Or in its proper name, Salmer / McCaffrey guitar. Well, it is not really a traditional French musical instrument, but it originated in France and was created by the company Selmar Paris (yes, yes of the saxophones), the guitar was formulated in the last century by the Belgian guitarist Django Reinahardt. The guitar comes in two configurations - a large opening (mouth) and a small opening. Most of the small opening is for the solos and the big opening to the rhythm. The guitar is also called a "manouche guitar" ...

Small mouth (Petite Bouche)

Big mouth (Grande Bouche)

 

Plucked instruments from Africa

Algeria

Algerian Mondol
The "mondol" or "mandole" is quite rare instrument to find in the world except in Algeria or perhaps in France.
The instrument is a combination of an Arabian oud, a guitar and a mandocello. The instrument has 4 double (sometimes 5)  strings and is intended for solo playing and accompaniment of singing in the chabi music.
The sound very strong, very arabic. It is fun to play and also very easy because it is the same as the guitar. The tuning is also quite the same, type of DROP D,
(D A D G)
The fifth pair is high B.

 

Plucked instruments from North America

הוואי

Ukulele

The ukulele originates in Portugal, and is called the Maschetta de Braga (musical instrument from Berega, a city from northern Portugal).
There is a tendency to treat ukulele as a toy, but not so, it is a professional instrument with an important tradition in Hawaii. The traditional ukulele  is made of koa wood, which gives it a rich sound. It is tuned G C E A
The soprano is the most popular and smallest size in the ukulele family. It has a crisp, sharp sound. Due to its size it is ideal for excursions.
People with big hands will find it difficult to play it and therefore prefer a concert that has a fuller sound.
The tenor model is slightly larger than the concert sample and has a rich full sound. Ideal for concerts. Its neck is also longer. Can be adjusted as standard ukulele or DGBE.
The baritone ukulele is the largest in the family and is tuned like as a guitar DGBE , with a deep and different sound from his younger brothers.
There are other models and scum of ukulele such as guitalele (guitar ukulele ), banjo ukulele , bass ukulele , balalaikaukulele and more.

United states of America

Mountain dulcimer
Dulcimer is am instrument that comes from the Appalachian region in the eastern US. It originates in Europe and is different from hammered dulcimer , so it is also called an Appalachian dulcimer.
It is played on the laps and very easy to play.
It is normally tuned DAD.

Mandolin
Mandolin is perhaps one of the most popular tools in the world.
There are 2 main models, A and F.
A model is a drop-shaped body designed by Gibson, and the F model is also designed by Gibson and is best known for the bluegrass music and curly body. Apart from the shape, the big difference is that A has a little more sustain, while F has a strong, clear sound. The sound holes can be F shaped or oval.
Mandolin tuning is like a violin - GDAE .

A mandolin

F mandolin

Resonator guitar
The first acoustic guitars were not amplified. At the beginning of the 20th century, the guitarists began to play in Big Band bands, and therefore the need for a louder sound. Of course, there were no electric guitars, so the patent was to plant an aluminum disc (cone) in the body of the guitar that gets vibrations from the bridge and thus the sound is amplified.
In fact, the first guitars were tricon, but their production cost was very expensive.
Blues and slide players continued to play with them because of the unique sound.
Wood guitars sound warmer and sound less aggressive than guitars with a metal body (usually brass) with a more metallic sound.
There are two types of necks. A round neck, like a guitar, is designed mainly for plucking, blues and slade.
While the neck is square, the guitar is placed on the thighs and played with Slade to the bloggeras and country style.
There are also 3 types of bridges. Biscuit, spider, and tircon. There is no one here who is better and who is not, but a completely different sound.
The spider is usually in wooden guitars, the biscuit for metal and wood, and the trick is mostly for metal guitars.
The resonator guitars are also called resophonic guitars or "Dubro" in their generic name.


 

Brass resonator guitar with a tricon bridge

Wooden resonator guitar with a spider bridge

Parlor guitar
The parlor guitar was known at the beginning of the 20th century. At that time there was no demand for large guitars and they were ideal for travel. Blues musicians really liked their sound.
This is not a 3/4 guitar!
The neck is the same size as a normal guitar neck but the body is small and gives a sweet, strong sound. Recording King made an accurate replica at an attractive price.

Banjo

Banjo originates from Africa while the modern banjo developed in the late 19th century and became very popular in the pre-war period.
The essential change was the addition of the fifth string and the head took shape.
The banjo body is made of a wooden rims on which the top sits, made of a "skin" of a drum. Sometimes inside the hoop there is a ring from Brass that amplifies the sound.
A closed banjo or banjo resonator is characterized by a wooden cover that closes the drum and has an additional addition of a ring called flange, which amplifies the resonance.
An open banjo is without the lid and is especially popular for folk music, while banjo is closed to blues, blues, rock and country music.
Another banjo is Banjo Fritta (Flextram Banjo), which has only 4 strings and is played with specifications - like a guitar. It is tuned to CGBD or as the 4 High Guitar String, DGBE, called "Chicago Direction".
Most banjo is tuned to GDGBD.

Resonator banjo

Open banjo

Plectrum banjo

Tenor guitar
Tenor is a four-string guitar with a small body (3/4) and was inspired by a tenor banjo. The instrument is also popular in Irish music.
Tuned GDAE.

Lap steel
Lap steel is an electric musical instrument played on the thighs by Slade. It is mainly used for playing blues.
Lap Steel was made entirely of aluminum and looked like a large skillet (hence Frypan). He weighed five pounds. Today it is made of wood and is actually one long neck. Like most stringed blades, the strings are raised from the neck.
David Gilmore (Pink Floyd ...) played a lot of icon pieces. Highly recommended for the mighty solo of High Hopes!

The Wiesenborn Guitar
The Wiesenborn guitar is a type of acoustic stylist invented in the golden age of the blogger's "Between the Wars" in the 20th century. The guitar was invented by Hermann Wissenborn (hence its name), inspired by guitars from Hawaii (Hawaiian musicians took a regular guitar and played with a piece of metal on their knees). The original guitars are very rare and have hardly survived to this day.
The guitar is played on the knees with Slade and can be adjusted only in the direction of open (DGDGBD) or open D (DADF # AD). Other directions will damage the instrument!

Mexico

Guitarrón
Guitarrónis the acoustic bass of Mexican mariachi music.
This huge instrument has six strings and tuned A 'D G c e A.

Vihuela
Vihuela is the Mexican rhythm instrument.
It is the size of a 3/4 guitar and has five nylon strings tuned a d g b e.

Bajo

In the bajo sexto is a kind of guitar with 12 strings but directed to a lower octave. So it actually is a 12-string bass guitar.
Mainly serves bass and accordion accompaniment.
The bajo quinto is quite the same as the bajo sexto with only 5 pairs of strings. Without a pair of high strings. The instrument is easier to play because of the narrower neck than his older brother.
Mainly used for bass and accordion accompaniment.

Plucked instruments from Latin America

 
Cuba

Tres
The Cuban guitar, or Tres, in Spanish, looks like a regular guitar with a small body, with or without a cutway, but with 3 pairs of strings and since the body and neck are identical to the guitar, there is quite a space between the pairs.
A very interesting instrument used mainly for chords and solos.
The classic direction is GCE, but to make it easier we aim at GBE ...

Venezuela

Quattro
The official Venezuelan instrument with a number of names, but the most common name is the Quattro-4 in Spanish, named after the four strings.
4 nylon strings in the direction of A D F # B. For the difficulties, we will set the F # to G, so that the guitar center has the guitar.
Very cool tool and used mainly for chords.

Brazil

Brazilian cavaquinho
The Brazilian cavaquinho identical in length to the famous ukulele, but its body is wider than that of a small guitar. It has 4 metal strings that are DGBD or even E high, and the direction is the same as the 4 high guitar strings. Used mainly for fast pace segments such as samba.

Cavaco Banjo
Cavaco Banjo is actually a Brazilian cavaquinho in the form of a banjo. The tool is very popular in Rio de Janeiro and the colorful dishes are especially popular!

Bandolim
Bandolim or Brazilian mandolin is very similar to a regular mandolin.
But it has no holes in these big hole as the guitar. In addition, her body is larger and identical to the Portuguese guitar.
All these give the Bandolim a slightly deeper and less sharp sound than that of a typical mandolin. Soft strings are used.

Viola Caipira
One of the most popular instruments in Brazil, mainly Brazilian country music.
Most of his body is slightly smaller than a regular guitar and has 5 pairs of strings, so sometimes called "viola de des Cordes" - the 10 string guitar.
A very cool tool that is suitable for rhythm and chords.
Can be adjusted in a variety of directions.
The common direction is: A D F # A D.
The viola comes in three forms:
Ponteio - a small and very narrow structure that emphasizes the high notes.
Cinturada - an intermediate model, slightly wider and with an immediate and high sound.
Clássica - classical guitar size and characterized by low and medium.

Clássica

Cinturada

Ponteio

Violão de sete cordas
Very simple .... Guitar with 7 strings. No strange directions, no string pairs, and no weird guitar ...
Really a regular classical guitar in addition to string 7. In Brazil the extra string is low C but can be adjusted as low B, as in the tram. A very popular musical instrument in Brazil mainly in the music of the Chorro and Bossa Nova.
A very interesting instrument especially for classical, jazz and even metal musicians.
There is also a model with 8 strings in a low G direction.

Puerto Rico

Puerto Rican quattro
The Quattro of Puerto Rico is different from that of Venezuela. In fact they are just similar in name. His body resembles a violin and his body is bigger. It has 5 pairs of strings directed by: B E A D G. Play it with specifications.
Is the national musical instrument of Puerto Rico.

Colombia

Tipple
This is the Colombian guitar. In fact, these are only the 4 high strings of the guitar, D G B E, and each string is actually three strings. Total of 12 strings.

לדף הכלי

Bolivia and Peru

Charango
Charango comes from the Andes region of South America. It originates from Portuguese dishes. In the past his body was made of Armadillo armor but today it is made of wood.
It has 5 pairs of strings that are oriented like ukulele G E E E. The E-string is directed as octaves.

Charangon
The Charangonis the big brother of the Charango, and it is indeed a little larger and aimed at C F A D A. (actually Charango Baritone).

Ronroco
The ronroco is a great charango. His body is different in the shape of straight ribs and not rounded. It is tuned like a charango, but the E strings are directed at a low octave.

Hualaycho

Also called walaycho, is the little brother in the Chernago family. It has a sharper sound. Directed D G B E B.

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